RFC 2319

RFC 2319

[6] KOI8-U も参照。

Ukrainian Character Set KOI8-U ウクライナの文字集合 KOI8‐U

Status of this Memo

This memo provides information for the Internet community. It does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Abstract

This document provides information about character encoding KOI8-U (KOI8 Ukrainian) wich 原文まま is a de-facto standard in Ukrainian Internet community. KOI8-U is compatible with KOI8-R (RFC 1489) in all Russian letters and extends it with four Ukrainian letters which locations are compliant with ISO-IR-111. The official site of KOI8-U Working Group is http://www.net.ua.

この文書は、ウクライナ語インターネット社会でデファクト標準である文字符号化 KOI8-U (KOI8 ウクライナ語) についての情報を提供します。 KOI8-U は全ての露西亜文字について KOI8-R (RFC 1489) に互換であり、 これを拡張して4つのウクライナ文字について ISO-IR-111 に従った位置に配置しています。 KOI8-U 作業部会の公式サイトは <http://www.net.ua/> です。

Introduction

This document provides information about character encoding KOI8-U (KOI8 Ukrainian) widely used in Ukrainian Internet community for mail and news exchange as well as for presentation of WWW information resources in Ukrainian language.

この文書は、ウクライナ語インターネット社会でウクライナ語のメイルやニュースの交換, あるいは WWW 情報資源表現に広く使われている文字符号化 KOI8-U (KOI8 ウクライナ語) についての情報を提供します。

Originally, specification of proposed standard koi8-u was officially adopted by the conference of Postmasters of Ukrainian Internet Service Providers in Slavsk in Autumn of 1992 presented by Igor Sviridov from Kiev and Stas Vorony from Kharkiv. Later in June 1995 this specification was completed with UKRAINIAN GHE WITH UPTURN.

元々、提案標準 koi8‐u の仕様は1992年の秋に Kiev の Igor Sviridov と Kharkiv の Stas Vorony により Slavsk で行われたウクライナのインターネット・サービス提供者の投函 (post) 管理者会議で公式に採用されました。1995年6月の終わりに、 この仕様は UKRAINIAN GHE WITH UPTURN をもって完成しました。

KOI8-U (KOI8 Ukrainian) is a de-facto standard supported in many operation systems and Internet user applications including encoding tables, fonts, locale support for many operating systems and environments.

KOI8‐U (KOI8 ウクライナ語) は、多くのオペレーティング・システムや環境の符号化表、フォントロケール対応を含む多くのオペレーティング・システムやインターネット利用者応用が対応しています。

MIME character set name: koi8-u

MIME 文字集合名: koi8-u

Relation to other RFCs

This standard is based on several published standards: RFC1489 (it is fully compatible in all Russian letters), RFC-1345, ISO-IR-111, ISO 10646.

この規格は、幾つかの出版済み規格— RFC1489 (すべての露西亜文字について完全に互換)、 RFC1345ISO-IR-111ISO10646 に基づいています。

Compatibility with other character sets

The lower part of the KOI8-U Ukrainian Character Set is a complete copy of ASCII, just as it's used in KOI8-R and other non-ASCII codepages.

KOI8‐U ウクライナ五文字集合の下位部分は、 KOI8-R や他の非 ASCII CodePage と同様に、 ASCII の完全な複製です。

The upper part of the KOI8-U Character Set contains all Russian letters defined in KOI8-R and four Ukrainian letters (#164, #180 - ukr. ie, #166, #182 - ukr. i, #167, #183 - ukr. yi, #173, #189 - ukr. ghe with upturn) which locations are compliant with ISO-IR-111.

KOI8‐U 文字集合の上半分は、 KOI8‐R で定義されているすべての露西亜文字と4つのウクライナ文字 (#164, #180 — ウクライナ語 ie, #166, #182 — ウクライナ語 i, #167, #183 — ウクライナ語 yi, #173, #189 — ウクライナ語 upturn つき ghe) を含んでいます。 ウクライナ文字の位置は ISO-IR-111 に従っています。

BOX DRAWINGS elements in the other positions (that are not used by Ukrainian letters) are the same as in KOI8-R character set. List of all differences between KOI8-R and proposed KOI8-U is given in APPENDIX A.

他の (ウクライナ文字が使っていない) 位置の罫線素片は KOI8‐R 文字集合と同じです。 KOI8‐R と提案する KOI8‐U の間のすべての差異の一覧は附属書 A にあります。

Specification of the upper part of KOI8-U codepage

The description of all characters of upper half part of KOI8-U codepage is given according to ISO 10646 Unicode Character Set (UCS).

KOI8‐U 符号頁の上位半分のすべての文字の説明は ISO 10646 Unicode 文字集合 (UCS) に従って与えます。

KOI8-U charset table in RFC1345 format is given in Appendix B.

RFC 1345 書式の KOI8‐U charset 表は附属書 B に与えます。

<decimal><hex-code><UCS><description>
10進16進符号UCS説明
12880U2500BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT HORIZONTAL
12981U2502BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT VERTICAL
13082U250CBOX DRAWINGS LIGHT DOWN AND RIGHT
13183U2510BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT DOWN AND LEFT
13284U2514BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT UP AND RIGHT
13385U2518BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT UP AND LEFT
13486U251CBOX DRAWINGS LIGHT VERTICAL AND RIGHT
13587U2524BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT VERTICAL AND LEFT
13688U252CBOX DRAWINGS LIGHT DOWN AND HORIZONTAL
13789U2534BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT UP AND HORIZONTAL
1388AU253CBOX DRAWINGS LIGHT VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL
1398BU2580UPPER HALF BLOCK
1408CU2584LOWER HALF BLOCK
1418DU2588FULL BLOCK
1428EU258CLEFT HALF BLOCK
1438FU2590RIGHT HALF BLOCK
14490U2591LIGHT SHADE
14591U2592MEDIUM SHADE
14692U2593DARK SHADE
14793U2320TOP HALF INTEGRAL
14894U25A0BLACK SQUARE
14995U2219BULLET OPERATOR
15096U221ASQUARE ROOT
15197U2248ALMOST EQUAL TO
15298U2264LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO
15399U2265GREATER THAN OR EQUAL TO
1549AU00A0NO-BREAK SPACE
1559BU2321BOTTOM HALF INTEGRAL
1569CU00B0DEGREE SIGN
1579DU00B2SUPERSCRIPT TWO
1589EU00B7MIDDLE DOT
1599FU00F7DIVISION SIGN
160A0U2550BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE HORIZONTAL
161A1U2551BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE VERTICAL
162A2U2552BOX DRAWINGS DOWN SINGLE AND RIGHT DOUBLE
163A3U0451CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IO
164A4U0454CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER UKRAINIAN IE
165A5U2554BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE DOWN AND RIGHT
166A6U0456CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BYELORUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN I
167A7U0457CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YI (UKRAINIAN)
168A8U2557BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE DOWN AND LEFT
169A9U2558BOX DRAWINGS UP SINGLE AND RIGHT DOUBLE
170AAU2559BOX DRAWINGS UP DOUBLE AND RIGHT SINGLE
171ABU255ABOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE UP AND RIGHT
172ACU255BBOX DRAWINGS UP SINGLE AND LEFT DOUBLE
173ADU0491CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER GHE WITH UPTURN
174AEU255DBOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE UP AND LEFT
175AFU255EBOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL SINGLE AND RIGHT DOUBLE
176B0U255FBOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL DOUBLE AND RIGHT SINGLE
177B1U2560BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND RIGHT
178B2U2561BOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL SINGLE AND LEFT DOUBLE
179B3U0401CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IO
180B4U0404CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER UKRAINIAN IE
181B5U2563BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND LEFT
182B6U0406CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BYELORUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN I
183B7U0407CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YI (UKRAINIAN)
184B8U2566BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE DOWN AND HORIZONTAL
185B9U2567BOX DRAWINGS UP SINGLE AND HORIZONTAL DOUBLE
186BAU2568BOX DRAWINGS UP DOUBLE AND HORIZONTAL SINGLE
187BBU2569BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE UP AND HORIZONTAL
188BCU256ABOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL SINGLE AND HORIZONTAL DOUBLE
189BDU0490CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER GHE WITH UPTURN
190BEU256CBOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL
191BFU00A9COPYRIGHT SIGN
192C0U044ECYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YU
193C1U0430CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER A
194C2U0431CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BE
195C3U0446CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TSE
196C4U0434CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DE
197C5U0435CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IE
198C6U0444CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EF
199C7U0433CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER GHE
200C8U0445CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER KHA
201C9U0438CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER I
202CAU0439CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHORT I
203CBU043ACYRILLIC SMALL LETTER KA
204CCU043BCYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EL
205CDU043CCYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EM
206CEU043DCYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EN
207CFU043ECYRILLIC SMALL LETTER O
208D0U043FCYRILLIC SMALL LETTER PE
209D1U044FCYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YA
210D2U0440CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ER
211D3U0441CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ES
212D4U0442CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TE
213D5U0443CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER U
214D6U0436CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZHE
215D7U0432CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER VE
216D8U044CCYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SOFT SIGN
217D9U044BCYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YERU
218DAU0437CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZE
219DBU0448CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHA
220DCU044DCYRILLIC SMALL LETTER E
221DDU0449CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHCHA
222DEU0447CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER CHE
223DFU044ACYRILLIC SMALL LETTER HARD SIGN
224E0U042ECYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YU
225E1U0410CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER A
226E2U0411CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BE
227E3U0426CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TSE
228E4U0414CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DE
229E5U0415CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IE
230E6U0424CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EF
231E7U0413CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER GHE
232E8U0425CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER KHA
233E9U0418CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER I
234EAU0419CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHORT I
235EBU041ACYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER KA
236ECU041BCYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EL
237EDU041CCYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EM
238EEU041DCYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EN
239EFU041ECYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER O
240F0U041FCYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER PE
241F1U042FCYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YA
242F2U0420CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ER
243F3U0421CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ES
244F4U0422CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TE
245F5U0423CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER U
246F6U0416CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZHE
247F7U0412CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER VE
248F8U042CCYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SOFT SIGN
249F9U042BCYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YERU
250FAU0417CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZE
251FBU0428CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHA
252FCU042DCYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER E
253FDU0429CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHCHA
254FEU0427CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER CHE
255FFU042ACYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER HARD SIGN

Security Considerations

This memo raises no known security issues.

このメモは既知の安全上の問題を起こしません。

Acknowledgments

The present edition of this document was prepared by joint activity of KOI8-U Working group and is a result of wide discussion in Ukrainian USENET newsgroup ukr.nodes and consensus reached among majority of Ukrainian ISPs.

この文書の現在の版は、 KOI8‐U 作業部会の合同活動により準備され、 ウクライナの USENET ニュース組 ukr.nodes での幅広い議論の結果とウクライナの ISP の大部分の達した合意です。

Special acknowledges to:

  • Andrew Chernov <ache@astral.msk.su>, author of the first on Internet RFC 1489 describing KOI8-R Russian character set;
  • Igor Sviridov <sia@nest.org> for the initial work on establishing and support of KOI8-U character set and it's implementation in first e-mail products.

特に感謝します。

Many people have contributed to the early work on koi8-u encoding:

koi8-u 符号化の初期の作業に多くの人々が貢献しました:

References

[1] Chernov, A., "Registration of a Cyrillic Character Set", RFC 1489, July 1993.

[2] UNICODE 2.0 CHARACTER DATABASE. - ftp://unicode.org/pub/2.0- Update/UnicodeData-2.0.14.txt

[3] Ukrainian letters in koi8-u and other character sets ftp://ftp.ua.net/pub/info/encodings/koi8-u/ukr_chars_in_koi8-u_and_others.txt, June 1995.

[4] ECMA-CYRILLIC. - ftp://dkuug.dk/i18n/charmaps.all/ECMA-CYRILLIC

[5] Simonsen, K., "Character Mnemonics & Character Sets" RFC 1345, June 1992.

KOI8-U Working Group List

Coordinator 調整者
Alexander Yeremenko <koi8-u@sita.kiev.ua>
  • Yuri Demchenko <demch@cad.ntu-kpi.kiev.ua>
  • Victor Forsyuk <victor@gu.net>
  • Taras Heychenko <tasic@lucky.net>
  • Pavel Gulchuk <gul@lucky.net>
  • Dmitry Kohmanyuk <dk@farm.org>
  • Boris Mostovoy <vms@breaker.gu.net>
  • Helen Panchenko <elena@alex-ua.com>
  • Igor Romanenko <igor@lucky.net>
  • Eugene Sherstobitov <gene@lucky.net>
  • Andrew Stesin <stesin@gu.net>
  • Igor Sviridov <sia@nest.org>
  • Roman A. Tkachuk <roman@bit.ternopil.ua>

APPENDIX A DIFFERENCE OF KOI8-U from KOI8-R (RFC 1489)

KOI8-U is compatible with KOI8-R in all Cyrillic Letters and completes it with four Ukrainian letters UKRAINIAN IE #164, #180, CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BELORUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN I #166, #182, UKRAINIAN YI #167, #183, UKRAINIAN GHE WITH UPTURN #173, #189.

KOI8-U は、すべてのキリル文字について KOI8-R と互換で、 4つのウクライナ文字 UKRAINIAN IE #164, #180, CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BELORUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN I #166, #182, UKRAINIAN YI #167, #183, UKRAINIAN GHE WITH UPTURN #173, #189 を加えて完成しています。

<decimal><hex-code><UCS><description>
10進16進符号UCS説明
164A4U0454CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER UKRAINIAN IE
166A6U0456CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BELORUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN I
167A7U0457CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YI (UKRAINIAN)
173ADU0491CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER UKRAINIAN GHE WITH UPTURN
180B4U0403CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER UKRAINIAN IE
182B6U0406CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BELORUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN I
183B7U0407CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YI (UKRAINIAN)
189BDU0490CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER UKRAINIAN GHE WITH UPTURN

APPENDIX B KOI8-U charset table in RFC1345 format

   &charset KOI8-U
   &rem source: RFC 2319
   &rem Mibenum: 2088
   &rem source: http://www.net.ua/KOI8-U/
   &bits 8
   &code 0
   NU SH SX EX ET EQ AK BL BS HT LF VT FF CR SO SI
   DL D1 D2 D3 D4 NK SY EB CN EM SB EC FS GS RS US
   SP ! " Nb DO % & ' ( ) * + , - . / 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 : ; < = > ?
   At A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z <( // )> '> _
   '! a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z (! !! !) '? DT
   hh vv dr dl ur ul vr vl dh uh vh TB LB FB lB RB
   .S :S ?S Iu fS Sb RT ?2 =< >= NS Il DG 2S .M -:
   HH VV dR io ie DR ii yi LD uR Ur UR uL g3 UL vR
   Vr VR vL IO IE VL II YI DH uH Uh UH vH G3 VH Co
   ju a= b= c= d= e= f= g= h= i= j= k= l= m= n= o=
   p= ja r= s= t= u= z% v= %' y= z= s% je sc c% ='
   JU A= B= C= D= E= F= G= H= I= J= K= L= M= N= O=
   P= JA R= S= T= U= Z% V= %" Y= Z= S% JE Sc C% ="

メモ